What Is Sump And Pump And What Does It Do?

Sump pumps are designed to remove water from basements or crawl spaces. Some are also called submersible pumps because they are submerged below water.

Sump pumps are typically installed near the foundation wall of a home and connected to a drainage system.

Sump pumps are used to prevent basement flooding during heavy rainstorms. If you live in a flood zone, you should install a sump pump to prevent damage to your home.


How Does A Sump Pump Work?

A sump pump uses suction power to lift water out of a basement or crawl space. The water flows into a pipe that connects the sump pump to an underground drain.

When the water reaches the drain, gravity pulls it down into a storm sewer line, or up and out to your yard. 

Why Do I Need A Sump Pump?

A sump pump can save your life if you experience a major flood. It removes water from your basement or crawl space, so you don’t have to worry about water damage.

You may be able to avoid expensive repairs by installing a sump pump before a flood occurs.

What Size Sump Pump Do I Need?

The size of your sump pump depends on how much water you expect to encounter. Your local building inspector will tell you which type of sump pump is appropriate for your area.

How Often Should My Sump Pump Be Serviced?

Your sump pump should be serviced every three to four months. It may take some time to notice if it isn’t working accordingly, and by this time it may be too late and there could be extensive damage done to your home. 

Therefore, to ensure it is ready for those wet, winter months, you should have a professional come and take a look at it every three or four months.

Submersible Sump Pumps

Sump pumps come in two types: submersible and pedestal pumps that sit at floor level.  Submersible pumps are located under the house and draw water directly from the basement. 

Pedestal sump pumps have a motor that sticks out of the sump pump and has no contact with the water. These are sometimes a cheaper option, but they can be louder as they are not submerged. 

Which Type Of Sump Pump Should I Buy?

The type of sump pump you decide to purchase is up to personal preference. If you are undecided, it is best to get a professional to have a look at your home, so they can advise you on the best option. 

How Much Does A Sump Pump Cost?

How Much Does A Sump Pump Cost

The price varies depending on the brand and model of the sump pump. However, most sump pumps run between $200 and $500.

Do I Need A Permit To Install A Sump Pump?

Yes, you must obtain a permit from your local building department.

How Long Does It Take To Install A Sump?

Most sump pumps are easy to install. You’ll only need basic tools like a screwdriver and wrench. Some models require special fittings.

Can I Use A Sump Pump Indoors?

Yes, most sump pumps are located indoors. They are usually located beneath basements. 

How Much Electricity Does A Sump Pump Consume?

How much electricity your sump pump consumes depends on how long it runs for and how often it is turned on.

This will also depend on the weather conditions of your area, and the electricity rates in your area. 

Are Sump Pumps Safe?

Yes. Most sump pumps are designed to withstand extreme weather conditions. They’re also tested regularly to ensure they continue to operate properly.

How Often Should I Clean My Sump Pump?

Clean your sump pump at least once a month. Remove debris such as leaves and twigs from around the base of the pump. Also, remove any dirt or grime that accumulates on the impeller.

Battery-Operated Backup

A battery-operated backup sump pump provides extra protection against power outages. These pumps are ideal for basements because they keep running even when the main pump fails.

How do I know whether a battery-operated backup sump pump is right for me?

Ask your local building inspector about the requirements for installing this type of sump pump. It’s important to choose a backup pump that has enough capacity to handle your expected flood water volume.

What Are The Advantages Of Using A Battery-operated Backup Sump Pump?

A battery-operated sump pump can provide an additional level of safety during emergencies.

When the power goes out, the backup pump will automatically start operating once it is triggered by the float switch

When the water level reduces, it will then switch off. If you would like to install a battery-operated sump pump as a backup, it is best to contact a professional, so they can do it for you. 

Water-Powered Backup

A water-powered backup sump pump uses water pressure to turn the pump on and off. Water-powered backups are more expensive than batteries.

But, if you have access to a water source, they offer more control over the operation of the pump.

Which Sump Pump Do I Need?

The size of your basement determines which kind of sump pump you need. For example, if your basement is small, you might be able to fit a submersible sump pump.

Submersible sump pumps are smaller and easier to install. If your basement is large, you’ll probably need a sump pump with a lift station.

When selecting a sump pump, consider its location. 

Final Thoughts 

To conclude, a sump pump is an essential part of your home’s plumbing system and can really prevent extensive damage in your home.

 As this article has mentioned, there are different kinds of sump pumps, and in order to determine the best one for your home.

It is recommended that you hire a professional to examine your home and your area, so they can advise you on which kind would be best for you. 



Bill is a DIY plumber, handyman, and homeowner with more than a decade of experience. He has replaced and repaired sump pumps, backup pumps, float switches, check valves, and many other things around his family home. An engineer and tinkerer at heart, he is always looking to see how things work and taking on new home projects that help him grow his skillsets. He is a husband and father of two boys, has a bachelors degree in Computer Engineer and minor in Mathematics and likes to make homebrew beer in his free time.

      Sump Pump Advisor