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What Is A Recirculating Pump
Have you ever wondered why even with a hot water system, you still have to give cold water a few minutes for hot water to start flowing? That is because the hot water line that goes to the shower and faucets and ends there. But what is the trick that luxurious hotel bathrooms use that you always get instant hot water when you turn on the shower? Well, they use recirculation pumps, also known as hot water circulating pump.
What Is A Recirculating Pump?
A recirculating pump or heater circulation pump is a special pump that is installed in the hot water system to deliver nearly hot water when the tap is opened. Unlike the typical hot water system where the pipe supplies water from the heater to the tap or shower and end there, the recirculation pumps keep hot water circulating in a loop from the heater. Therefore, homes or hotels with this type of pump enjoy hot water throughout as long as the water heater is working.
How Does Recirculation Water Pump?
The working mechanism of the circulation pump system is pretty simple. The idea is to have an endless loop of hot water in the house. The circulation water pump is installed immediately after the water heater where it creates enough pressure for the water to go round the loop. That is how constant hot water supply is very high.
Types of Recirculation Pumps
The older system, which is the simplest, includes a small pump that runs continuously. However, these types of pumps are energy inefficient and cause a lot of wear and tear on the water heater. That’s why they are not recommended. There are two main types of circulation pumps that you can pick for your water heater. Both pumps provide high energy efficiency hence their popularity.
1) On-Demand Pumps
These types of circulation pumps operate when there is a demand for hot water. They are equipped with a motion sensor that triggers the hot water circulating pump ON when you open a tap. They are also equipped with temperature sensors so that when a certain temperature is reached, the pump will automatically go off. On-demand recirculation pump comes in various sizes depending on the side of the house.
2) Time and Temperature Circulation Pumps
As the name suggests, these pumps circulate hot water in a supply loop at a designated time. The pump system is equipped with an adjustable timer plus an aquastat that controls pumping cycles and water temperature respectively. Therefore, you will be saving a lot of money since the amount of energy needed to maintain a hot water supply is significantly reduced. That’s what makes these models one of the most energy-efficient pumps.
Benefits Of Hot Water Circulating Pump
One of the biggest advantages of using circulation pumps is instant hot water supply. You don’t have to wait for gallons of cold water to go down the drain to get hot water. In addition, you save on your water bills since there is no water wastage as it is with the typical water heater system.
Who Should Buy Recirculation Pump?
If you have a large home or a big hotel where hot water needs to travel long distances, then you need these pumps to add pressure to the water. That will improve hot water supply in your house. Secondly, if you have a tankless water heater, water temperature will never be constant because you don’t have hot water storage. With recirculation pumps, you can easily achieve constant water temperatures tankless water heater.
If you are planning to install a recirculation pump, consult an expert to help you pick a perfect pump that meets your needs. You should also go through various hot water recirculating pump reviews to learn about these pumps.
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Pump Sentry 1622- Emergency Power for Sump Pumps Reviews
Do you own a submersible water pump? One potential problem when owning a “sump pump” is dealing with no juice to the unit from the AC outlet. In that situation you’ll need emergency power for sump pumps. We’ll be reviewing Pump Sentry 1622 battery backup by SEC America.
SEC America Corporation is a design & engineering company that specializes in supplying electricity via power conversion products. The company has 30+ years of experience and has established itself in various industrial/consumer markets.
We’ll provide a detailed and objective review of this sump pump. This will help you determine whether or not it’s the best option for your sump pump’s emergency power. With several products available at retailers like Amazon it can be tough to pick the right one for your situation.
- Automatic Operation
The 1622PS detects when there’s a power outage. The instant that happens the unit starts collecting/converting battery power so your sump pump can keep operating.
Then when AC power returns the 1622PS switches the sump pump’s power source back to the AC wall outlet. The battery backup then starts juicing up so it’s ready to provide battery power when necessary. This helps to ensure the 1622PS is always on standby in case AC power is needed anytime.
- 1600W Battery Backup
This will generally be enough juice to keep your sump pump up and running. Make sure to review the specs of your submersible water pump to estimate how long this battery backup can supply power to the pump. That includes the unit’s horsepower and wattage.
The 622PS offers full pump capacity for particular ½ horsepower sump pumps. As a result you won’t miss a beat when operating the sump pump.
- 2-Year Warranty
The product includes a 2-year factory warranty. This is quite generous for a battery backup unit. Make sure to research what the warranty does and doesn’t cover to help you determine if it’s the right unit for your needs.
The 1622PS includes a durable aluminum housing. This helps to protect the battery backup from damage, which in turn can help to extend the lifespan of the unit.
When operating industrial equipment like sump pumps it’s important to protect your investment. Picking a battery backup with a sturdy housing is an effective way to do that.
- Compact/Mounting Options
The 1622PS is a compact battery backup, which adds value to the unit. This allows you to install/use the battery backup in a small space, which adds value to the unit.
The battery backup unit can be installed easily. The amount of time required is based on how much DIY experience you have. The easy installation means you can quickly get the unit up and running.
The option to use wall or surface mounting offers more flexibility since you’ll have the option to install the sump pump either on a wall or table surface. A wall mount is more space-saving. However, if you want more flexibility a surface mount is also effective.
- UL/CSA Approved
This battery backup for sump pump is UL and CSA approved. UL (formerly Underwriters Laboratories) is an international consulting/certification company that’s headquartered in the US state Illinois. The company was founded 120+ years ago in 1894 by an electrical engineer named William Henry Merrill.
CSA (formerly Canadian Standards Association) is a standard organization that develops standards in nearly 60 areas. The organization was founded nearly a century ago in 1919. It was founded due to a lack of formal technical standards during World War I.
- Part number: 1622PS
- Weight: 20.4 pounds
- Dimensions: 7.5 x 13.5 x 5.7 inches
- Horsepower: 0.5 HP
- Batteries: N/A
- Can help prevent flooded basement
- Fast shipping/good customer service
- Very durable
- Reliable and turns on/off automatically
- Easy to install within minutes
- No battery indicator LEDs during switch to DC power
- Required 12 hrs. charging out of the box
- Somewhat pricey
- Doesn’t work with all sump pumps
- Sometimes doesn’t work during power outages
The Pump Sentry 1622PS by SEC America is a wise choice for providing your sump pump with a battery backup. It delivers 1600W, which is enough for many ½ HP pumps. The unit also switches from AC power to DC power, then back to AC automatically. It also charges automatically in standby mode. The 1622PS is easy to install and includes a 2-year warranty. It gives your sump pump a bump.
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Do I Need A Battery Backup Sump Pump System?
When you are too busy with your work and plans for the weekend that you tend to forget about your basement all the time is a big NO. Not to mention if you live within the areas that experience flooding often. Because if you do, neglecting your basement can lead to a big problem that means more cost to shoulder later on. You might be familiar already with the term sump pump if you live in areas that are prone to floods. But for those who are not a sump pump is actually a lifesaver.
Why Get a Sump Pump?
A sump pump is actually important for homeowners and establishments as it protects them from flooding. When you have problems with water that penetrates through your walls and flooring in the basement, the best solution to solve your problems is to install a sump pump. A sump pump in your basement will get rid of the water in your property by pumping it out. This handy device is commonly used and installed in the lowest point in the house or building like a sump pit.
Once the water starts to fill up around the pump pit, the sump pump will automatically start working to remove the water and send it through a pipe out. The slope that is usually built around the house or building helps the pump to send the water away from your property. At the same time, the check valve that is found between the pipe and pump keeps the water from flowing back into your house. Thus, it really is important to have a sump pump even if you don’t actually live in a flood-prone area.
But what are you going to do if your sump pump doesn’t have a backup battery? What if the power goes out and your sump pump will not be able to function unless you have a generator? Read on to know why a battery backup is important and why you need it.
Sump Pump Battery Backup System
When you are enjoying a good night sleep or a few days away from your home, the last thing you need is a useless sump pump. This can happen in your sump pump if the power goes out and you don’t have a generator to back it up. It can also be because the float switch on your sump pump fails to work properly and activate the switch when it should. As a result, your house will be flooded and leave a whole lot of mess for you to clean up once you return.
Without a reliable backup system, your sump pump can be pretty useless so don’t wait for the flood to come and cause a mess. Get a battery backup sump pump system and feel more relaxed no matter how hard it rains and you are slumbering or out on vacation. A battery backup sump pump system works as a second pump that is installed in your primary pump. Just like other battery-powered devices, the battery provides a second source of power to help your pump operate when the power goes out.
In addition, a battery backup sump pump system comes with a separate power switch so it automatically switches the pump ON to start working. This comes in really handy especially if your primary pump’s switch suddenly fails to work. But aside from working as a secondary switch and power source, this system really works as an all in one backup when the rain is too hard and your primary sump pump can no longer take the water.
Your battery backup sump pump system is there to provide extra pumping power in order to keep your basement dry. If you are still not convinced if you really need a battery backup sump pump system or not, these are some good points you should check out:
- Alerts You of Danger
They say that two heads are better than one, so as in sump pumps. With an additional battery backup, you can easily tell when the water outside gets too much and you need an extra support to pump it all out. This works well too in times of danger so you better monitor the battery status from time to time. No matter how handy this system is, it won’t be able to do much help if it runs out of power. Make sure that the battery charges properly as well.
Some battery backup sump pump systems have a special feature that can alert you whenever there is a loose connection or corrosion in its terminals. It will also let you know when it is time to be replaced.
- Easy to Maintain
One of the best things about having a battery backup sump pump system is that it is easy to maintain. Unlike other devices, a battery backup sump pump system is easier to install on primary sump pumps. Just be sure that you check the terminals and battery water levels regularly to make sure that it works fine at the right time. In case the power goes out, be sure that you monitor the battery status and prepare a replacement just in case the power doesn’t come back before the battery runs out.
Thus, be sure that your battery backup sump pump system has enough power capacity to keep your house dry.
After reading everything above, do you think you need a backup sump pump system? Likewise, though it work as a secondary pump and power source, it’s still safer if you have a second battery. A secondary battery can be connected to your backup system to extend your pumps working capacity especially if you are planning to go out of town in a rainy season. This will allow you to relax knowing that you will not return to a flooded house. So, take note that even though your sump pump is expensive and packed with lots of advanced features, it’s still not that good enough without a backup system.
Investing in a battery backup sump pump system will also help you save cost on cleaning and preventing damages from occurring in your property.
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5 Ways to Change the Water Pump
The engine has five cooling system components. The hoses, the radiator cap, the thermostat, the radiator, and the water pump. However, the heart of this cooling system is the water pump.
The water pump ensures that the coolant keeps circulating throughout the engine. The water pump will operate only if the engine is running. The pump is driven by gear, chain, and belt. Most of these water pumps need changing on a regular basis. Very few will operate past 100,000 miles.
Your water pump will fail in two ways
- Bearings will fail
- There can be a leak
Most of these leaks develop near the gasket where it attaches to the engine. You should replace the pump as soon as you notice a leak. You can extend the water pumps life by having regular maintenance. Just as you keep your body healthy through diet and exercise, you should change the fluids and have regular inspections on your vehicle.
Below are some ways you can use to change the water pump
- Remove harmonic pulley, spark plugs, and valve cover
- Remove the short bolts that hold the power steering. After getting rid of these bolts remove the valve cover.
- Remove the smoke plug using a spark plug socket. You should be careful not to drop or break the spark plugs
- Prevent trash, dirt, and screws from getting into the cylinders. They can cause damage to your engine.
- Make the harmonic pulley loose
- Reconnect your battery so that the starter motor can have a momentary bump
- Check if the bolts are loosened up
- Align timing, timing marks, accessory belts
- Loosen the bolts connecting the valve cover and the engine
- Remove the valve cover so that you can access the timing belt. The top of the belt will sprocket
- Ensure that the engine is off if you are using retaining bolts and cam timing sprockets. Do not turn the engine if you are using the timing belt
- Align all the timing marks so that they line up straight across the cam sprockets
- Block the wheels and work on the level ground using wooden pieces
- Loosen the front wheels
- Support your engine using a jack
- Remove the harmonic pulley bolt and remove the pulley
- Removing the engine mount
- The first step in removing the motor mount is unbolting these bolts
- When you lift the heavy lump you will be able to remove the hidden bolts
- Be careful as you remove the motor mount bracket. Ensure you do not damage the hoses and wiring
- Start by removing the small engine mount brackets. It is made of heavy steel and you ought to be careful when you handle it.
- Install new tensioner, new timing belt, idler, and water pump
- While removing the old timing belt, turn it counter-clockwise. Do it little by little so that you do not spoil the other parts
- Remove the tensioner by loosening the belt in the middle
- Remove the “idler” pulley from the timing belt
- Loosen the bolts of the water pump though they are hard to reach
- Clean the engine block thoroughly, to remove all material that might cause corrosion or rust
- Put in the new water pump and follow all the instructions
- Install the idler pulley and make sure you tighten the mounting bolt
- Put in the timing belt
- Remove the stopper block
- Assemble all the parts in reverse order you removed them and tighten all the bolts
- Install the lower half cover and tighten the middle bolt
- Place the crankshaft pulley in
- Install the harmonic crank shaft pulley
- Install the small engine mount bracket
- Install all the spark plugs and the spark plug cables
- Refill the radiator with the coolant
- Reconnect the battery
- Let it idle as you check that everything is ok
Things to consider before getting a water pump
Your budget will be a major consideration when you want to buy a water pump. You have to buy something that you will be able to afford without going off budget.
- Ease of installation
You should buy a water pump that you will be comfortable installing. You do not need the services of a mechanic to do the installation for you. By installing it yourself you will be able to save a lot of money.
- Size/model of your car
The size of your car is a major determinant of what type of water pump you should acquire.
When you want to buy a water pump, go for something that will last a long time. At Plumbing Lab, we recommend you buy a water pump made of steel. A highly durable pump saves you money in the long run.
Seek the advice of your mechanic so that you can get something that will be compatible with your vehicle.
The mechanical water pump is the most common in today’s vehicles. Since it is used widely you can easily access it. It is powerful than the electric one.
It is fuel-efficient and will not affect your engines performance.
Clearly, if your water pump is making noise or leaking, then most likely it is approaching the end of its life. You should replace it as soon as possible. The survival of your car’s engine depends on the circulation of this coolant. It keeps it cool and temperatures at a controlled level. Not all the heat will be released via the exhaust and you will need the water pump operational.
Depending on your vehicle, this can be an easy job, which you can do for yourself. It can also be a hard job that requires the services of a professional. All in all as soon as you realize a problem with your pump make sure you repair or replace it.
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How to Replace the Sump Pump Float Switch
The sump pump is a very efficient mechanical device with a fair bit of technology as well. It has several crucial components where the float switch is considered as the most important of all. A lot of things need to be considered regarding the quality, efficiency and ease of use of the float switch. If it is a manual one, then the location of the float switch must be ideal to access it with ease at the time of the need. The automatic float switches are the ideal ones as they are automatically activated at the time of need. It detects the inflow of the water in the crawlspace and the float switch responds in accordance to the needs of pumping out the water.
However, there could be many issues related to the sump pump float switch where it might malfunction or couldn’t work as per your expectation and needs of the job. If this is the situation, then the switch should be replaced with a new one. It is a simple Do It Yourself project, which you can do without any external help required. This guide will also tell you as how could you replace the float switch of your sump pump.
Replacing the sump pump float switch
A sump pump float switch needs to be replaced if it is not performing the job of the simple On/Off process. It might get damaged due to pebbles and debris in your sump pump pit or it may also be due to poor maintenance of the equipment. The following are the things required for accomplishing this task:
- The replacement switch
- Zip ties
- Screw driver
- Silicone Sealant
- Concrete Sealant
The major steps required for replacing the switch
The following is a list of the major steps which you need to perform for replacing the float switch of your sump pump equipment:
- Preparing the equipment for the replacement–The sump pump is prepared for the float switch replacement by draining out all the water which could be present in the sump pump basin. Once all the water has drained out, then you must disconnect the sump pump from the power source in order to remove the switch safely.
- Removing the switch – If you are unable to locate the float switch, then the location can be determined easily by reading the product user manual. Once the location is determined, then just removes the malfunctioning float switch from the unit. This will make things ready for exposing the housing of the float switch.
- Opening the float switch – The screwdriver should be used then for unscrewing all the connection of the float switch. The access to the float switch housing would expose the electrical switch inside it. Remove and replace the switch using the waterproof glue. Let it dry completely before you re-assemble the switch and also then replacing that into the pump.
- Test after replacing – The switch should be inserted back into the pump. Test the switch if it is performing according to the requirement and expectations or not. If not, then you should be checking it thoroughly to sort out the issue quickly.
It’s a minor task, still needs to get fixed accurately and quickly. People mostly prefer to work this out on their own. But, it should also be considered as an important and crucial task. Because any fault while fixing the switch may affect the performance and overall working of you sump pump and may lead to bigger issue and hazards top the sump pump itself.
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Tips To Prepare a Sump Pump Pit
The sump pump pit is the foundation for installing a sump pump. If the pit is excellently prepared then the productivity of the sump pump would be maximized and you would also have far less issues to worry about, once you have installed a sump pump at the ideally prepared pump pit. The quality preparation denies water from accumulating in the basement or the crawlspace. The water can be dangerous and can cause a lot of issues to your house and your belongings inside. Thus, the only good solution is to prepare an adequate sump pump pit and then install a quality sump pump to pump away the water from the crawlspace.
Things that you will need
The following are the major things that you will require for making a sump pump pit by yourself:
- Sum pump liner
- Digging equipment
- Tape measure
Steps required for preparing the sump pump pit
The following are the steps required for preparing the sump pump pit:
- Locating the problematic spot– The ideal location for digging a sump pump pit is where the water accumulates in your crawlspace. This will allow your sump pump to work efficiently. Make sure that the spot that you have selected has got no nearby utility or the drain lines. If you are unsure about the lines, then all you can do is to proceed slowly for digging by making sure that no nearby drainage lines could be affected. Further, the spot shouldn’t be closer to any of the outside openings as the temperature there can be very cold which makes the system vulnerable to freezing.
- Digging – The pit should be dug 2 feet in width and 2.5 feet in depth. Make sure that there are no substantial roots, rocks or any other such obstruction in the way. The walls of the pit may be tapered, if needed. The size of the pit can also be determined with the size of the liner which you are going to install next. It’s important to dig according to the size of the liner you are going to place there, because huge difference in the size of the pit and the liner would cause fitting issues and may not let you fix the whole set up properly in place. Though, little or minor difference, can be accommodated easily to fix up the system.
- The liner installation – When you are looking to install or insert the liner in the pit that has been dug then make sure that the liner of the sump pump could fit in very smoothly and seamlessly. It should be at a fixed and steady level with no free moving of the equipment. The voids that essentially surround the fit should be ideally filled in using dirt or mud. Insert mud as needed or until it reaches the saturation level. This is an important part as it will securely hold the liner in its place. It is highly critical to have the sump pump liner at the constant level right throughout the complete liner insertion process. If it is correctly laid then it will let the water to pass effectively, but the dirt and debris will be blocked. You can leave 1 inch of clearance on all the sides of the liner. This will avoid blockage from any debris or dirt.
Through all these steps the most important things is to keep in mind the point to which you need to dig the pit and the size of it. Its because the better you prepare according to the required size the better you can achieve the installation of your sump pump in an easy and precise way.
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Continuous Running of a Sump Pump
If a sump pump is running continuously, then it’s probably not a good sign. It is better if a sump pump runs in intervals. Continuous running translates to more wear and tear and an increase in electricity bill. If your sump pump has started to run continuously, it’s best if you solve it as soon as possible. Finding the root of the problem is the primary step in this process. There could be a few reasons why a sump pump has been running continuously.
Stuck Switch – Your sump pump has a float switch which turns on the device when water level rises in the pit. Sometimes, a float switch will get stuck in the “on” setting, which could happen because of jamming, clogging or tangling of the switch in the system. This will cause your machine to run continuously.
Not Enough Power – These devices have a certain value of horsepower. That is the amount of work they can do. If the pump is too small for the application you intend to use it, it will run almost continuously and break down sooner than later. It’s better to invest in a strong machine from the start which will be up to the task you throw at it.
Faulty or Missing Check Valve – The check valve is installed on the discharge pipe to make sure that none of the water that passes the point, returns to the sump pit. If in any case, a check valve is missing or not there in the first place, water that doesn’t cross the point where the pipe runs downhill will return back to the pit. The pump will activate again in order to push it out. Until all the water is pushed out, this process will be repeated nonstop. This will wear out the sump pump earlier than expected. Neglecting this issue can turn into a big problem, while the earlier fix is rather inexpensive.
Small Liner – If the liner is too small, but the pump is powerful, what happens is that it will discharge water faster than the liner will fill. The device will turn on and then off and then on again. This will severely decrease the life of it.
Continuous Flooding – Although it’s generally considered a good thing to dig your pump deep in the ground, it can affect the running of your sump pump. This would occur if the water table is present right under the basement floor. If left unsolved, your pump will run continuously, and it may give up when the flood gets even worse during heavy rain. In such a case, your basement will flood and it would cost you more than the repair’s cost.
Leakages – You might have a sprinkler in your yard broken somewhere from underground or a leaking sewer pipe under your floor. This would continuously flood the pit with water. The pump would have to work continuously in order to pump the water out. So we see that even a minor external problem can cause a big problem. This can even lead to foundation heaving or other bigger damages to your home.
These above mentioned scenarios are some of the most common factors that cause a sump pump to run continuously. Such an issue should be noticed as early as possible and if you don’t bother to take.
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4 Ways to Keep Your Home Clean This Winter
The winter season is here and apart from the entertainment and indoor as well as outdoor fun activities, the winter days can be tedious in house cleaning. Keeping the moisture of snow and mud out of your home seems difficult to handle but here we share some easy-to-do ways to keep your house winter clean.
- Dust and Sand
The major issue that may arise during winter is the dust particles and grit inside your home as there is less opening of windows and the air is dry and warm inside. It can scratch the tiles and floor of kitchen and bath rooms as well as make your carpets and rugs full of dust mites and mold. The regular vacuuming of the house is must to save you from the allergies. The often overlooked areas such as tops of windows and corners of décor must be cleaned once in a while to keep the inside of fresh and dust free. The regular cleaning of the home’s air ducts is essential during winters. People usually do not realize the fact that during winter they actually seal the potentially harmful contaminants inside the house and the air filters can get clogged causing the allergies and sickness for the dwellers, the simple solution is to change the air filters at least once or twice in a week and keep the air fresh inside.
- Carpets and Floor
The deep cleaning of carpets, rugs and floor during winter days is must. The melted salt, snow, mud and grit gets collected between the fibers of carpet and tiles of the floor the which not looks untidy but also make the indoor unpleasant. To save your home from all the mud and salt you can place a shoe rack near the entrance where all the snow boots and shoes can be placed or you can put a mat which absorbs the excess dust and water. The next task is to steam clean the carpets more often and scrub the floors to make them clean and shiny. You can save your time of cleaning by placing throw-rugs on the mostly used areas of the house to make it easier for you to clean the mess and save your carpets from stains.
- Furnace Cleaning
The furnace cleaning and maintenance must be scheduled and done before the winter season to save yourself from any inconvenience. Mostly the furnace is coated with grime and dust which directly affects its ability to function properly. It is important to get it cleaned up professionally to make it energy-efficient and safe. Do not forget to check the furnace filter and change it if required to keep your season peacefully warm and the dust and debris accumulated inside the burners of furnace should be cleaned properly before starting it.
- Cleaning the Kitchen
You must not ignore the deep cleaning of kitchen especially ceiling which might have a layer of funk from the cooking smoke, oil and moisture fumes from cooking. You can use a dish washing soap and sponge to scrub it off to make it neat and clean.
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How Does a Sump Pump Work
Have you ever wondered how does a sump pump work? If not, you are in the right spot to get an idea about the working of sump pumps.
A Sump pump is nothing but a pump that is fixed on the bottom of the floor which is being used to discharge the accumulated water from the floor. These pumps are frequently used at the time of flooding or when the groundwater increases and floods the bottom area. Its work is to pump out the excess water from the basement and keep the area dry. People who live in ground floor or has a house in a very down region are the victims of this flood. A sump pump is a very useful tool for such people. Based on nature, Sump pumps can be divided into two types- namely submersible pump and pedestal pump.
Working of a sump pump:
- The submersible pump is generally immersed in the water. Therefore this pump lies at the bottom of the floor and has a capability to run inside the water.
- The sump pump works with the help of electricity through a GFCI (ground fault circuit interrupter) which protects from unwanted short circuits. Placing the switch in a dry area is always advisable.
- Groundwater is collected with the help of drain rocks which is laid at the bottom of the floor. By this process, the water level slowly starts increasing.
- With the help of perforated pipe or drain tile, the water is carried to the large sump tank or the sump pit. The size of the tank varies based on the location. The tank can be made of concrete, fibreglass, steel, tile and etc. This tank is located at the bottom of the floor.
- A flat sheet covers the bottom end of the pipe, which is specially designed to allow only the water to get into the pipe and avoids debris. Therefore the pump runs smoothly without getting struck by any substances.
- This sump pump tank has two holes in it. One for the collection of water from the perforated pipe and other for discharging the water out from the tank.
- When the sump pump tank is filled up to a certain level by water, the float activator or the pressure sensor hits the pump and the pump automatically gets started. This pump can also be activated manually when the water reaches a certain point.
- Proper maintenance of the pump should be taken care. If there is no proper maintenance the pump fails to get started when the water reaches a certain level.
- When the pump is activated the fan like device called the impeller starts rotating.
- Due to the deviating force, the impeller that spins will force the water towards the sides of the pump. As there are only two holes (one for collection and one for discharge) the water is forced out through the discharge hole.
- Therefore water is carried out through the discharge pipe and released out from your house. A check valve is fixed on the discharge pipe which helps the water to run one way and avoids the water from backflow.
A pedestal pump:
- A pedestal pump is a pump that is placed in a dry place above the flooded area.
- Like submersible pump it works with electricity and but the worry of short circuit is eliminated as the pump is above the water level in a dry area.
- Due to heavy rain or due to increase in groundwater level, down areas are flooded with water and affects the normal life.
- Unlike the submersible pump, along inlet pipe (through which water is sucked out) is dropped into the flooded water.
- The pump is turned on manually and the water is sucked up through the pipe and released out in another area.
- The pedestal pump is usually louder than the submersible pump as it is laid outside the water.
Usually, when there is a flood due to rain or any natural disaster, it is very common that power will not be available till the water level decreases. In order to survive this situation, it is advisable to have a pump along with a battery or to have a generator for safety purpose.
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10 SECRET THINGS YOU DIDN’T KNOW ABOUT SUMP PUMPS
- Battery backup pumps:
Every one of us knows that a sump pump runs with the support of electricity. But few of us never think how a sump pump can work when there are heavy storms and no electricity. It is due to the backup. Most of the pumps come along with backup availability. It can run without break with the help of backup feature.
- Sump pump maintenance:
Sump pump must be properly maintained atleast for every 3 months. First, disconnect the power of the sump pump. Drain out if there is any water still present in it and also remove if there is debris present near the sump pump which can later make a problem. Power on the sump pump and pour some water inside and look whether the sump pump kick starts automatically. Also look whether the water is released out to the correct location.
- Cover the top with plastic:
If you are installing a sump pump below your house then the opening must be inside your house. In such case, if it is left out without closing, the smell is going to affect your whole house. Therefore cover the top opening with a plastic which reduces the evaporation of smell. It also saves the kids and pets from falling into the pit.
- Safe electricity:
Ensure that the cord is long enough to reach the sump pump. This safeguards you from an electric short circuit when the switch is placed at a very long distance. As the work of pump is concerned with water it is advisable to buy a long wired cord.
- Check valve:
Have you ever wondered what this check valve is and why it is fixed on the discharge pipe? Its work is to check the flow of water in one particular direction. In other words, it protects from backflow of water in a discharge pipe.
- Does it makes an unusual sound:
By using a sump pump for weeks and months probably you might be used to the sound of the sump pump. But suddenly when you hear an unusual sound from the sump pump it shows that there is a problem somewhere. Try to replace the pump or overhaul them before it completely stops working.
- Horsepower in pumps:
Do you know the reason for the difference in horsepower in sump pumps? To understand better let us look into a short example. Let’s take three sump pumps, one with 1/3rd horsepower, second with ½ horsepower and the other with one horsepower. If you only have to move the water 20 feet away from the house then a 1/3rd horsepower pump will work fine. If you have to move the water further way long then go for a higher horsepower. If you want to move the water 60 feet or more from the house then ½ or one horsepower pump works fine.
- The float mechanism:
There are different float mechanisms used in different pumps. To choose a right one first you must know what the normal water level is. For instance, a pedestal pump turns on when the water level raises to 10 inches. In a submersible pump, one variety works with a diaphragm switch. It can turn on when the water level has attained 8 inches and no adjustment can be made. And another model of submersible pump floats and kick-starts when the water reaches 4 inches. Another submersible pump works with a tether switch
- Two active pumps:
When the basement is a large area, one single sump pump cannot handle the situation. At this time you can buy a two active sump pumps variant. It has two pumps which can quickly send out excess water from the house. When one sump pump fails to kick start then the other starts and discharge the water.
- Plastic or cast iron:
Cast iron pumps are heavy in weight and also works perfectly for more number of years. It also does not float in water. But in case of plastic pumps, they are light in weight and can easily float if the water level is more. Though the manufacturer guarantees for few years it is not the right option.
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